The Muslim community celebrates two significant holidays. The two holidays that predominate the Islamic tradition of festivities are: Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. However, Eids are not merely religious occasions, but also manifestation of the deeper Islamic culture and consciousness. Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha have different significances. From significances, Muslim Ummah always tries to get lessons. Both Eids teach people to sacrifice in multiple ways.

As fasting in the holy month of Ramadan draws to a close, some 1.8 billion Muslim people around the world celebrate Eid al-Fitr every year. The word Eid comes from Arabic; which means frequent coming. Again Eid denotes happiness, joy and pleasure.Moreover, Eid al-Fitr means “festival of breaking the fast” and traditionally lasts up to three days. The lexical meaning of fasting is abstinence. In Islamic law, it means to abstain from certain things (under conditions and pillars of fasting and the absence of the things which nullify fasting) from the break of dawn until sunset.

Fasting is a means towards devoutness. This is because if a person abstains from certain lawful necessities such as food and drink for the sake of pleasing Allah and out of fear of His wrath and punishment, it then becomes easy upon him to abstain from what is prohibited, thereby attaining piety. For this reason, Allah the Almighty says in the Holy Qua’rn, “O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that you may (learn) self-restraint.”

So, the month is considered as a month of training when one can easily refrain himself/herself from all kinds of evil and prohibited tasks. Even they can leave to think to be involved in such heinous activities. Rather, they extend their hands to cooperate the other. When they extend their hands, they never try to discriminate among human beings based on religion.

To purify himself/herself, one starts finding his/her faults first, and then they follow the ritual guidelines of the Holy Qua’rn and the Sunnah. Even they cut their budgets to have much foods or clothes. Through the whole months, they try to remove the gaps between relatives and relations, and then help those who are unable to afford their foods and clothes due to economic insolvency. That’s why, the Muslims pay Zakat and Fitrah before the Eid-al-fitr to extend their happiness with all.

The festival Eid-al-Fitr brings glory and the highest return from God for all the beloved Muslims. Its social teaching and significance are very imaginable and meaningful. It solidifies and strengthens social harmony, humanity and values in society extending and exchanging mutual co-operation, collaboration, simplicity, sympathy and brotherhood among the people. So, on this day all people, irrespective of poor and rich come under an umbrella of equal enjoyment. It is so a big day when all Muslims throughout the world celebrate it with pomp and grandeur. Purity of our soul comes through Eid and it removes and washes away narrowness and jealousy of mind.
The pleasure of the Eid is so arranged that the hungry and the have-nots can join and share despite their all want and sorrows. In Islam, there is a practice of giving “Zakat” by which discrimination, disparity and injustice will be minimised.

At an Eid congregation all people forget and forgive their past ill activities, they submit their humble prayer before God for peace and unity. As a result, we see a very heavenly atmosphere at an Eid congregation and it becomes a big meeting place with each other. So we always become the worshipers of truth and beauty. Let us promise that we spread the teaching of humanity to all humankind for Allah’s mercy.

Eid-al-fitr brings with it a sense of joy we associate with a benign commitment to sharing it with others. Coming as it does immediately after the end of Ramadan, it is for all Muslims an occasion not only to celebrate but also to introspect and reflect on the degree to which we have brought themselves closer to the true tenets of the religion and how prepared are we to identify ourselves with the woe of the disadvantaged and less fortunate members of society. It is not enough to be empathetic of their plight but also to contribute our mite to serving the cause of collective well-being. Through a month of sacrifice and the process of self-purification we came to the stage of giving zakat and fitra as a more than symbolic act of piety.

The Eid prayers and the embrace that follows are expressions of brotherhood, fellow feeling and solidarity of all people. In the mundane world, there is a surge in trade and commerce, which has a lift-pump effect on the entire economy. The volumes of sale and business increase manifold with a rapid rise in terms of productivity, procurement and supplies. Also, new products signifying trade diversification come into the market with fresh merchandising, advertising and fashion designing. In catering to the varied tastes, the market achieves diversification with our export potential increasing to that extent.

There are, however, twin responsibilities and obligations that must accompany this overarching, buoyant trend. It is in keeping with the spirit of Ramadan and that of Eid-al-fitr, that the wealthy and affluent should have exercised restraint in their personal purchases so as not to indulge in a show of wealth, even unwittingly. Such deference to the feelings of the disadvantaged segments of the society is expected. Secondly, the traders and the businesspeople could undergo self-examination as to whether they participated in fair business practices to spread their profits through larger volumes of transactions. Then there is the emphasis on safe homecoming and return of the people who have been on the move.

In the Covid-19 pandemic everywhere a number of people have lost their jobs and they are starving day and night. We must think for them. Finally, we can say that Eid-al-fitr does not come every year for entertaining but for sacrificing ourselves for the welfare of the humans. So, we try to learn the lessons of Islam through Eid-al-fitr.